Los artículos más citados en revistas de neurocirugía son ensayos que evaluaron tratamientos quirúrgicos o médicos, las descripciones de nuevas técnicas o sistemas de clasificación o cribado de la enfermedad. El momento de la publicación, campo de estudio, la naturaleza de la obra, y la revista en que aparece el trabajo son posibles determinantes de la probabilidad y el impacto de la cita (Ponce et al. 2011).
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Ponce, Francisco A, y Andres M Lozano. 2010. «Highly cited works in neurosurgery. Part I: the 100 top-cited papers in neurosurgical journals». Journal of Neurosurgery 112 (2) (Febrero): 223-232. doi:10.3171/2009.12.JNS091599.